All You Need to Know About Lions

Lions are one of the most well-known felines, and they’re distinct from the rest of the big cats. They’re more social since they live in a group with other lions called a pride. Their eyes also aren’t vertical slits like domestic cats. But enough of that, let’s get learning!

There are two types of lions. African lions are found in Africa, while Asiatic lions range throughout Asia and Europe. They live on the open savannah, African plains, scrubs, grasslands, open woodlands, and the Indian Gir Forest. Lions prefer to make their homes under shady trees (Usually Acacia trees of Africa). It’s only when the lioness wants to give birth to her cubs, she will find shelter in a den. Lionesses move away from the rest of the pride and take refuge in dens to protect their young ones.

There are about 30 lions in a pride, and males and females both have separate roles. There can be up to three males within a pride, and a dozen or more females depending on territory and how much prey there is. 

Male lions have the vital job of guarding and marking the border of the pride’s territory. When the lionesses are out hunting, they also help protect the cubs. Male lions let out a roar that can be heard from 5 miles away! This noise tells other nearby prides and male lions to stay away! It’s ordinarily heard after sunset. 

A lioness’s role in the pride is primarily hunting and taking care of the cubs. Lionesses work together when they are hunting prey, including zebras, wildebeests antelopes, and a few other large animals that live in the area. Lionesses are essential in a pride. 

When young male lions reach a certain age, they leave their pride and find another one to take over. Female lions never leave the pride they were born in, except for when they move to a den nearby to have cubs. 

According to the IUCN Red List, the lion is stated as vulnerable. One of the reasons the lion is vulnerable is because of a lack of habitat. Humans also hunt down lions to keep them as trophies, for medical beliefs, or to protect their farm animals from them. Asiatic lions are slowing dying out, while African lions are a bit more common. 

Lions are majestic and beautiful creatures. We have to take care of them like we take care of other animals. 

The Feline Queen ❤️


Felines are fascinating to learn about, and cougars are one of them. So in this article, we’ll be learning about this feline.

Cougars aren’t as threatened as other big cats. (Tigers, leopards, cheetahs, etc.) Around 30,000 cougars exist in the American West. There can be 1-7 cougars ranging in about every 38 miles. Male cougars tolerate several females within their home range. The IUCN Red List marks cougars as ‘Least Concern’ as of April 2014, but sadly it’s numbers have been declining. Cougars range from Canada to Patagonia, South America. They can be found in areas varying from the desert to thick forests. Cougars prefer to live away from humans, in dense vegetation or cover to stalk prey and raise young. They may leave an area is something disturbs them, but they’re still very territorial. A male’s territory can range from 50 to 150 square miles!

Next is the cougar’s appearance. An adult male cougar weighs around 60-80 kilograms and 240 centimeters in length. An adult female cougar weighs smaller than a male, approximately 40-50 kilograms. An adult cougar’s appearance includes a tawny brown color with white around the muzzle. They also have a tail of the same color with a black tip. When still cubs, cougars have spots on their pelt.

Cougars have a lifespan of 8-13 years in the wild. The females reach sexual maternity in about 1 1/2 years. They come into heat regularly during the year but the females normally only deliver a litter every 2 or 3 years. Cougar cubs are born defenseless, with their eyes closed. They have spots on their pelt that fade as they get older. Cougars nurse their young for around three months, but the cubs are still reliant on their mother until they’re two years old. A male cougar will kill any kitten they find on their own, even if they’re the father of the kittens. Sadly, an average litter only ends up having one cub survive to adulthood. Even a grown-up cougar has a low chance of surviving a long time. A cougar living in the wild has a life span of 8-13 years, but a captive cougar can live up to 19 years.

Like the other felines and big cats, cougars are carnivores. They seem to prefer to eat deer and other animals that are a similar size but will also hunt animals like squirrels and rabbits or mice and birds. Cougars rarely hunt mammals like moose and elk as they risk getting injured more gravely if they try to attack such a large animal. A cougar usually lies hidden in wait and then leaps out and tackles their prey. Once a cougar has their prey grasped, they will swiftly maneuver toward the animal’s head and bite its neck. With smaller animals, a cougar may bite the dorsal side of their neck to provide a quick death but larger animals are gripped on the throat and strangled.

I hoped you liked learning about cougars!

The Feline Queen ❤️

3 Wild Instincts The Domestic Cat Still Has

Cats act like mini panthers a lot of the time, and sometimes they do crazy things you think are done for no reason. While some of those weird things are done for no reason (Or no good reason), there are very interesting cases in which you might like to find out about. Let’s get started!

Instinct #1:

Have you ever noticed your cat rolling around on the floor? This movement is called the ‘Dirt Roll’. In the wild, cats use this as a form to mark their territory. Cats have scent glands on the pads of their paws, on top of their heads and in the cheeks. So when they roll around, they’re spreading their scent. Of course, that may not be the case. How do you know what they have in mind? Examine your cat closely. Where are they doing the dirt roll? If it’s on a new piece of furniture, then the cat is probably marking it. Or, your cat may be rubbing their cheek on the floor. Since a cat’s cheeks have scent glands, they also can be marking their territory.

Another reason your cat may do the dirt roll is that they’re just playing with a toy. More specifically, a catnip toy. Or anything else that has to do with catnip. I’ve noticed my cats rolling around after sniffing a catnip leaf. It’s pretty cute, to be honest.

Instinct #2

This one’s common, all cats do it. Scratching! When a cat scratches their nails on a rough surface, like a scratching post or even your couch, there can be many reasons behind this. First, your cat might want to mark their territory. Cats have scent glands on their pads, so that suggests that when a cat scratches their nails, they’re telling all of the nearby cats to stay away!

They also might be trying to relieve stress. Just like you might start doing a hobby to soothe yourself, cats can also work on their “scratching” hobby.

The last reason is that cats are cleaning their nails. Sometimes they get dirt and grime in between their claws. Cats can also loosen a nail layer, eventually making it fall off, and this allows a sharper, newer, and cleaner layer to appear. This would be something very useful in the wild because they need their claws for almost everything, from catching their prey to defending themselves. Although this instinct can get very annoying sometimes (as in, your kitty deciding to use your couch as a scratching post), it reminds you that cats can be just as wild as a tiger! 

Instinct #3

This last instinct is all about cats hiding their pain, even if they know you could help. In the wild, cats have enemies. If they were to meow in pain, the cat’s enemies would hear and try to attack the vulnerable feline. The cat instead covers their hurt and keeps on going with their life. So when a cat realizes they’re in pain, they don’t let you know straight away. But good cat owners know the signs of a sick cat, so you should be able to tell if your cat is sick or not. In case you need a reminder, here are some signs you should watch out for if you suspect your cat is in pain:

  • Sneezing or coughing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Bigger appetite
  • More skittish than usual
  • Diarrhea
  • Other behavioral problems

Unless there has been a change in the household, you should bring your cat to the vet if you think your cat is acting strangely. 

I hope this was helpful to all the cat owners out there!

The Feline Queen ❤️

Why Won’t My Cat Eat?!

Oh no! Your cat, who usually has a big appetite, has stopped eating! Don’t worry, here you’ll learn why your cat stopped eating, and how to fix it!

As you may know, cats are a bit like humans when it comes to personality. They can be sassy when they’re angry, and friendly when they have missed you. But sometimes cats can be very picky. This may be part of their personality completely, or maybe they’re just mad because you forgot to fill their food bowl up. So if you happen to find yourself forgetting to feed your cats, only to see that they won’t eat at all, they’re probably annoyed with you. This has happened to me a few times, and I always just make sure that they have food available and leave them be. By the next day, everything will be back to normal!

Another thing that’s happened to me is my cats getting bored of the same brand or flavor. The brand of cat food I use has multiple flavors, so my cats don’t get too fussy.

Since there are many reasons your cat might be acting a bit “picky”, here’s a list!

  • Your cat might be feeling stressed
  • Your cat might have just had a vaccination
  • There are new people in your house

Of course, in some cases, when your cat doesn’t eat even after you’ve tried everything, it could mean your cat is sick. And there are some serious illnesses that include ‘not eating’ symptoms. But don’t panic! Before you bring your at to the vet, try looking for some other symptoms that may show your cat is sick. Have your cat suddenly begun losing weight? Is it throwing up, sneezing, or coughing? If it is, bring your cat to the vet as soon as you can!

Hopefully this guide helped you!

The Feline Queen ❤️

The Kitty Adventures: Safe Sanctuary

The calico led Snow and Jellybean down the room, where there was a door leading to a small room. It looked like a study room but didn’t seem like it was going to protect them. Then she walked towards one of the maps and pulled one of the pins sustaining the map on the wall off. The corner of the map sagged, and a hidden corridor was revealed. The she-cat beckoned for the sisters to enter. Impressed, Snow nudged her sibling and they hopped into the opening. But there were more surprises up ahead.

“Amber here, open up!” She said clearly. Two metal doors slid open. “Woah. That’s some high-tech you got going on!” Jellybean exclaimed. “So your name is Amber?” Snow asked curiously. The slender cat nodded.”Yep. Come on, we’re not there yet.” They padded into a clearing, with metal walls, a hole filled with fresh-kill, and plenty of moss newly soaked with water. “Is this it?” Jellybean asked excitedly. Amber smiled. “Yes, it is. We have to stay here until it is safe.”

Snow shifted to one paw uncomfortably. “What about the others? Where are they gonna go?” Amber hesitated. “We…We have other places like this.” She answered. “But some cats are defending our universe right now. Listen.” Snow strained her ears and heard a shriek of fury. “Aren’t you gonna go join them?”

Amber paused for a moment. “I’m not expendable.” She mewed briefly. Snow managed to keep her frown small and unnoticeable. Amber was definitely not telling them something. “We have to stay here for now. Get comfortable.” Amber padded up to the fresh-kill hole and grabbed a rabbit. Suddenly exhausted, Snow slumped on the hard wall and closed her eyes.

She was sitting quietly at the water’s edge, waves lapping hungrily at her paws. “Why are you here, Asher?” She said softly. A cat as black as the night sky above them padded up to her. “I have come to take my place.” He growled. “Even you can’t stop me.”. The female cat’s brown, orange, and white fur seemed to shine in the darkness. “I wish you weren’t like this.” She whispered. Asher laughed, a surprisingly harsh sound coming from a cat. “Oh, Amber.  That’s what they all wish.” “And they’re all right to. They fear you…I fear you!”  Asher glared at her. “You can still join me. One more chance. I can let myself forget the betrayals, and the fights we’ve had. We’ll be unstoppable together, I promise you.” Amber avoided his eyes and stared down at her paws.”They don’t even trust you, they aren’t letting you fight aren’t they? They’re ignoring everything  you’ve done for them.” Asher stood up and walked even closer to Amber. He hissed in her ear. “Join me. Make our father proud.  Sister.”

Learning All About TNR (Part Two)

Hmm…where were we? Aha! We had just finished talking about the materials you need in order to execute TNR properly.

Now we’re gonna discuss how to actually do it. Ok, so first, you gotta set your little trap up. I recommend doing TNR during dusk or dawn, as that’s when the cats are usually most active. But that isn’t necessarily required, so don’t push yourself.

Black feral cat.
Picture from

Most humane cat traps have a pressure plate inside and have the doors close when stepped on. This is why you need the bait to lure the cat inside. Place the cat food inside and set up the humane cat trap so it’s door is open, but make sure the pressure plate works, first. There’s usually a manual in case you help setting the door up. I recommend placing the trap in a place where you’ve seen the cat the most.

Next, you just have to wait! Stay close enough to the trap so you can see the feral cat and get to it quickly if it gets trapped, but far away enough so the cat doesn’t get scared away by your presence. If you accidently trap a cat that has already been neutered or spayed, trapped a pet cat, or a completely different animal, release it and keep waiting.

Once you have finally trapped trapped your kitties, approach the cage (be careful, and DON’T open the door!), and put your blanket over the cage. This will help calm the feral cat. If the clinic you planned to go to isn’t open yet, bring the cat to your home until the clinic does open. If the clinic is open, bring the cat to your car and head to the vet. If you’re doing TNR in any cold seasons, make sure your car is warm enough. If you’re doing TNR in the hotter seasons, make sure your car is air conditioned. Don’t leave the cat alone in the car!

Your finally on the last step! Drop the feral cat off, and come back later. (sometimes the clinic will lower the cost of the surgery, or even make it free if you explain to them that you’re doing TNR, or you’re working with a TNR organization.) The vet will most likely call you once the surgery is done. Usually after the surgery, the clinic will keep the cat overnight. However, if they don’t have enough room you may need to keep it at your house overnight.

At last, the day has come to release the feral cat. Go to the exact same spot you trapped the cat, and release it! The feral cat will most likely bolt out of the cage, and you’ll officially have done TNR! Congrats!

I hope this article has encouraged you to do something to help the cats, and if you do, good luck!

The Feline Queen ❤️

Learning all about TNR

I mention TNR quite a lot in my articles. That’s because it’s such a simple way to help save the cats. But now I’m gonna dive deeper into this topic.

As you may know, TNR stands for trap-neuter-release. It’s when you trap a cat, you bring it to the vet, the vet makes sure the cat can’t mate, the vet gives the cat it’s vaccines, the vet cuts off the tip of their ear, and the cat gets released back to where it was found. Simple! But what about the specifics, such as when’s the best time to do TNR, or what materials you need. I’ll be covering all of this here.

To begin with, you have to investigate. How many cats are there? A whole colony? Only three or four? This is important because you’ll need to know how many humane cat traps you’ll need. Also, are you sure they’re feral? As around the neighborhood if you’re not certain. If the cats are feral, take a closer look at them and see if the tips of their ears are missing. If this is the case, that mean that they’ve already been through the TNR process and should be released if you catch them.

Once you’re sure you want to do TNR, you’ll have to make some preparations. First, set up an appointment with the clinics you’ll be going to go to have the cats neutered or spayed. Some clinics do the surgery for free if they are aware you’re doing TNR. Keep in mind that once you trap your cats, if the clinic you’re going to isn’t open yet, the cats will need to stay overnight at your house, either put in the bathroom or other extra room you have. Do you have the required space for that? Remember, the more space or rooms you’ll need! If the feral cats stay at your house, don’t enter that room unless you want to check in them and don’t let them out of the cage.

The materials you’ll need in order to trap a feral cat are pretty easy to obtain, you can most likely find them in a pet shop or your local market. To begin with, you will need bait. There are two main types of cat food that have their own pros and cons.

First, there is dry food. Dry food usually come in large quantities, which may be helpful if you want to spay a whole colony of cats. Dry food can also last longer than wet food. But it’s smell isn’t as strong and some cats may find it unappetizing.

The other main food is wet food. Wet food has a very strong smell and you can buy a specific amount of cans or just the whole box. But wet food doesn’t last as long and can sometimes be expensive. You can choose whatever you think is best when trying to trap a feral cat.

The next two things you need are a humane cat trap and a blanket. A humane cat trap is a type of cage that has a door that closes as soon as the pressure plate is stepped on. It’s great for doing TNR. The blanket is used to be draped over the cage so it will calm the cat. The number of humane cat traps, food for cats, and blankets will depend on the number of cats you want to trap.

The last thing you’ll need is tarp. You use the tarp to line the room and cage if the feral cats stay at your house.

TNR is a simple operation yet it includes so many small details. Due to this, I will separate this topic into different parts, so you don’t have to end up reading a whole book. Stay tuned for Part 2!

The Feline Queen ❤️

What Does “No-Kill” Actually Mean?

If you’ve ever gone to an animal shelter, you probably think you know what a “no-kill” shelter is. But it’s not. Well, at least if you think that “no-kill” shelters mean they don’t kill animals there. Wrong! So what does it actually mean? Let’s find out!

The Asilomar Accords are kinda like a guidebook to animals shelters. They tell you the definitions of terms that have to do with animal shelters. Now, you probably know that in “kill” shelters they euthanize cats that are unhealthy. Most people may think, that’s sad, luckily “no-kill” shelters don’t do that! But how do The Asilomar Accords define the term healthy as? Let’s take a look. According to The Asilomar Accords, the term healthy is described as…”all cats and dogs eight weeks of age or older that, at or subsequent to the time have manifested no sign of a behavioral or temperamental characteristic that could pose a health or safety risk or otherwise make the animal unsuitable for placement as a pet.”

Wow. So so far we know this: “no-kill” shelters also kill kittens under 8 weeks and unfriendly cats, like feral ones. Since many people are unaware, they’d think; oh, I found this feral cat out in the streets, but don’t worry, I brought it to a no-kill shelter! Or they might think; I live in a no-kill city, so they don’t need my help! But that’s not true at all.

What about the term treatable? Does it help the “unhealthy” cats’ situation? Treatable is defined as…”who are likely to become “healthy,” if given medical, foster, behavioral, or other care equivalent typically provided to pets by reasonable and caring pet owners.

Now that just confirms suspicions about the kittens. Kittens take much more energy to take care of than other pets and do not count as “treatable”. Unless taken in by a foster family, a kitten under 8 weeks wouldn’t last a day in an animal shelter. But it isn’t the shelter’s fault. It just doesn’t have the time and money to take care of the kittens.

All of the animal shelters need YOUR help. Without any foster parents, so many kittens and feral cats could get euthanized. Foster isn’t even that difficult, or complicated. So support your local animal shelter, kill or no-kill.

Inspired by Kitten Lady at

The Feline Queen ❤️

Should Feral Cats Be Kept in Homes?

Many people make the mistake of adopting a street or feral, cat. But is it really a good idea?

Image from 

I bet you’ve seen at least two feral cats in your street. Maybe you even feed them. But they are not meant to be pets. Most of the street cats you’ve seen are not friendly. They usually run away if you try to pick it up, or pet it. But there is a difference between a street/feral cat, and a stray cat. A feral cat is a cat that has had very little or no contact with humans. Unless they are socialized by fourteen weeks of age, the cat is officially feral. A stray cat is a cat that was abandoned or lost by their owner. Basically if the cat has had enough human contact to be used to them, they’re stray. Stray cats can usually be put in animal shelters, but don’t expect them not to be a bit timid. After all, they’ve probably had a hard life.

In my articles; “World of Cats”, ( and “Saving the Felines!” ( I mention TNR. I’m eventually gonna dig deeper on that topic later on. But TNR is an amazing way to make sure that the feral cats living in your area are healthy and happy. If you didn’t know what TNR was, then here’s the answer: TNR is a process where you trap a feral cat, bring it to the vet and have it neutered or spayed so it can’t have kittens, and then returned to where it was found. After TNR it’s safe to feed them without being scared of producing more kittens.

The more feral cats that don’t go through the TNR process, the more cats that are born and end up being feral. Even if a feral cat ends up being neutered or spayed, there are still many hardships or living in the wild. But feral cats will not be happy living in an animal shelter. What they consider freedom is not what pet cats consider freedom. Feral cats are also usually either aggressive, timid, or, both.

The Feline Queen ❤️

Learning More About Your Pet Cat

Cats are such interesting creatures that if I were to write about them, you’d probably age fifty years. That’s why today I’m going to write about something else. YOUR cat. I don’t even know if you have a cat, but if you do, I’m going to teach you something really helpful!

Your Cat’s Favorites

In order to learn what your cat’s favorites are, you’ll have to feed your cat, play with your cat, or even just hang out with your cat. When feeding your cat, look closely on what flavor or type of food your cat eats the most of. Maybe your cat likes “Fancy Feast”. Maybe your cat loves to eat everything! This is helpful because if you want your cat to eat more of their food, then just feed them their favorite. It also helps when you’re trying to give medicine to a cat. Me and my mom sometimes feed my cats their favorite food as an reward for doing something really good, like going to the vet.

Now, next is your cat’s favorite toys. This can help when you’re trying to lure your cat into doing something, like going to the vet. This also makes your cat more willing to exercise and play with you. In order to find out what your cat’s favorites toy is, just play with your cat and see what toy your cat is more “enthusiastic” with. My cats love springs, and they’re also up for a good game of “Find the Lil’ Bee!”

Last but not least, your cat’s favorite petting spots. This is very easy. Just see where your cat purrs louder or encourages you to keep being her slave. This just helps your cat calm down when going to the vet or somewhere else. It’s also a good stress reliever for you!

Now, I know you might not want to do all this, but it can be really helpful. Learning all of this can help you bond more closely with your kitty. So please try it!

The Feline Queen ❤️